Imran Khan

Imran Khan  on 25 November 1952,[1] in Lahore[2] is a Pakistani politician, celebrity, and former cricketer. He played international cricket for two decades in the late twentieth century and, after retiring, entered politics. Besides his political activism, Khan is also a philanthropist, cricket commentator, Chancellor of the University of Bradford and Founding Chairman of Board of Governors of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre. Through worldwide fundraising, he founded Namal College, Mianwali in 2008. He was Pakistan’s most successful cricket captain,[3] leading his country to victory at the 1992 Cricket World Cup, playing for the Pakistani cricket team from 1971 to 1992, and serving as its captain intermittently throughout 1982–1992.[4] After retiring from cricket at the end of the 1987 World Cup in 1988, owing to popular demand he was requested to come back by the president of Pakistan Zia ul Haq to lead the team once again. At the age of 39, Khan led his team to Pakistan’s first and only World Cup victory in 1992. With 3807 runs and 362 wickets in Test cricket, he is one of eight world cricketers to have achieved an ‘All-rounder‘s Triple’ in Test matches.[5]
 
On 14 July 2010, Khan was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.[6]In April 1996, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (“Movement for Justice”) political party was established [7] and Khan became its chairman. He represented Mianwali as a member of the National Assembly from November 2002 to October 2007, he was again elected on 11 May 2013, while his party gained 35 seats in the National Assembly.[8][9][10] Global Post mentioned him third in a list of nine world leaders of 2012 and recognized Khan as the face of anti-drone movement in Pakistan.[11] According to Asia Society, Khan was voted as Asia’s Person of the Year 2012.[12] As the Pew Research Center, in 2012 majority of Pakistani respondents offered a favourable opinion of Khan, the survey also revealed Khan’s popularity among youth

Background  

Imran Khan was born in Lahore into a family of Pashtun origin, the only son of Ikramullah Khan Niazi, a civil engineer, and his wife Shaukat Khanum.[14] Long settled in Mianwali in northwestern Punjab, the family are of Pashtun ethnicity and belong to the Niazi Shermankhel tribe.[15] A quiet and shy boy in his youth, Khan grew up with his four sisters in relatively affluent (upper middle-class) circumstances[16] and received a privileged education. He was educated at Aitchison College in Lahore, the Royal Grammar School Worcester in England, where he excelled at cricket, and in 1972 he enrolled to study Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Keble College, Oxford, where he graduated in Politics and in Economics.[17]Khan’s mother hailed from the Burki family which had produced several successful cricketers,[14] including such household names as cricketers Javed Burki, Majid Khan[15] and, paternally (from the Niazi tribe then), to Misbah-ul-Haq.[18]
 
Outside cricket, from his mother’s side, he’s also a descendant of the Sufi warrior-poet and inventor of the Pashto alphabet, Pir Roshan, who hailed from his maternal family’s ancestral Kaniguram town in South Waziristan,[19] and a cousin to one of Pakistan’s leading English-language columnist, Khaled Ahmed.[20]On 16 May 1995, Khan married Jemima Goldsmith, in a traditional Pakistani ceremony in Paris. A month later, on 21 June, they were married again in a civil ceremony at the Richmond registry office in England.[21] Jemima was converted to Islam. Khan’s later decision to join politics alarmed opposition politicians and intelligence agencies mainly because of Jemima’s half Jewish ancestry, this became point of criticism especially by Islamic parties who alleged that he was related to ‘Zionists’. The couple has two sons, Sulaiman Isa and Kasim.[22]
 
Rumours circulated that the couple’s marriage was in crisis, Jemima denied that publishing an advertisement in Pakistani newspapers.[23] On 22 June 2004, it was announced that the Khans had divorced, ending the nine-year marriage because it was “difficult for Jemima to adapt to life in Pakistan”.[24] The marriage ended.[25] Khan now resides alone in Bani Gala farmhouse.[26] In November 2009, Khan underwent emergency surgery at Lahore’s Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital to remove an obstruction in his small intestine.[27]

Cricket career

Khan made a lackluster first-class cricket debut at the age of sixteen in Lahore. By the start of the 1970s, he was playing for his home teams of Lahore A (1969–70), Lahore B (1969–70), Lahore Greens (1970–71) and, eventually, Lahore (1970–71).[28] Khan was part of University of Oxford‘s Blues Cricket team during the 1973–1975 seasons.[17] At Worcestershire, where he played county cricket from 1971 to 1976, he was regarded as only an average medium-pace bowler. During this decade, other teams represented by Khan included Dawood Industries (1975–1976) and Pakistan International Airlines (1975–1976 to 1980–1981). From 1983 to 1988, he played for Sussex.[5]
 
Khan made his test cricket debut against England in 1971 in the city of Birmingham. Three years later, he debuted in the One Day International (ODI) match, once again playing against England at Nottingham for the Prudential Trophy. After graduating from Oxford and finishing his tenure at Worcestershire, he returned to Pakistan in 1976 and secured a permanent place on his native national team starting from the 1976–1977 season, during which they faced New Zealand and Australia.[28] Following the Australian series, he toured the West Indies, where he met Tony Greig, who signed him up for Kerry Packer‘s World Series Cricket.[5] His credentials as one of the fastest bowlers of the world started to become established when he finished third at 139.7 km/h in a fast bowling contest at Perth in 1978, behind Jeff Thomson and Michael Holding, but ahead of Dennis Lillee, Garth Le Roux and Andy Roberts.[5]
 
As a fast bowler, Khan reached the peak of his powers in 1982. In 9 Tests, he got 62 wickets at 13.29 each, the lowest average of any bowler in Test history with at least 50 wickets in a calendar year.[29] In January 1983, playing against India, he attained a Test bowling rating of 922 points. Although calculated retrospectively (ICC player ratings did not exist at the time), Khan’s form and performance during this period ranks third in the ICC’s All-Time Test Bowling Rankings.[30]Khan achieved the all-rounder’s triple (securing 3000 runs and 300 wickets) in 75 Tests, the second fastest record behind Ian Botham‘s 72. He is also established as having the second highest all-time batting average of 61.86 for a Test batsman playing at position 6 of the batting order.[31] He played his last Test match for Pakistan in January 1992, against Sri Lanka at Faisalabad. Khan retired permanently from cricket six months after his last ODI, the historic 1992 World Cup final against England at Melbourne, Australia.[32][not in citation given] He ended his career with 88 Test matches, 126 innings and scored 3807 runs at an average of 37.69, including six centuries and 18 fifties. His highest score was 136 runs. As a bowler, he took 362 wickets in Test cricket, which made him the first Pakistani and world’s fourth bowler to do so.[5] In ODIs, he played 175 matches and scored 3709 runs at an average of 33.41. His highest score remains 102 not out. His best ODI bowling is documented at 6 wickets for 14 runs.

Captaincy

At the height of his career, in 1982, the thirty-year-old Khan took over the captaincy of the Pakistan cricket team from Javed Miandad.[33] As a captain, Khan played 48 Test matches, out of which 14 were won by Pakistan, 8 lost and the rest of 26 were drawn. He also played 139 ODIs, winning 77, losing 57 and ending one in a tie.[5]In the team’s second match, Khan led them to their first Test win on English soil for 28 years at Lord’s.[34] Khan’s first year as captain was the peak of his legacy as a fast bowler as well as an all-rounder. He recorded the best Test bowling of his career while taking 8 wickets for 58 runs against Sri Lanka at Lahore in 1981–1982.[5] He also topped both the bowling and batting averages against England in three Test series in 1982, taking 21 wickets and averaging 56 with the bat. Later the same year, he put up a highly acknowledged performance in a home series against the formidable Indian team by taking 40 wickets in six Tests at an average of 13.95. By the end of this series in 1982–1983, Khan had taken 88 wickets in 13 Test matches over a period of one year as captain.[28]
 
This same Test series against India, however, also resulted in a stress fracture in his shin that kept him out of cricket for more than two years. An experimental treatment funded by the Pakistani government helped him recover by the end of 1984 and he made a successful comeback to international cricket in the latter part of the 1984–1985 season.[5]In India in 1987, Khan led Pakistan in its first ever test series win and this was followed by Pakistan’s first series victory in England during the same year.[34] During the 1980s, his team also recorded three creditable draws against the West Indies. India and Pakistan co-hosted the 1987 World Cup, but neither ventured beyond the semi-finals. Khan retired from international cricket at the end of the World Cup. In 1988, he was asked to return to the captaincy by the president Of Pakistan, General Zia-Ul-Haq, and on 18 January, he announced his decision to rejoin the team.[5]
 
Soon after returning to the captaincy, Khan led Pakistan to another winning tour in the West Indies, which he has recounted as “the last time I really bowled well”.[15] He was declared Man of the Series against West Indies in 1988 when he took 23 wickets in 3 tests.[5]Khan’s career-high as a captain and cricketer came when he led Pakistan to victory in the 1992 Cricket World Cup. Playing with a brittle batting line-up, Khan promoted himself as a batsman to play in the top order along with Javed Miandad, but his contribution as a bowler was minimal. At the age of 39, Khan took the winning last wicket himself.[28]

Post-retirement

In 1994, Khan had admitted that, during Test matches, he “occasionally scratched the side of the ball and lifted the seam.” He had also added, “Only once did I use an object. When Sussex were playing Hampshire in 1981 the ball was not deviating at all. I got the 12th man to bring out a bottle top and it started to move around a lot.”[35] In 1996, Khan successfully defended himself in a libel action brought forth by former English captain and all-rounder Ian Botham and batsman Allan Lamb over comments they alleged were made by Khan in two articles about the above-mentioned ball-tampering and another article published in an Indian magazine, India Today. They claimed that, in the latter publication, Khan had called the two cricketers “racist, ill-educated and lacking in class.” Khan protested that he had been misquoted, saying that he was defending himself after having admitted that he tampered with a ball in a county match 18 years ago.[36] Khan won the libel case, which the judge labelled a “complete exercise in futility”, with a 10–2 majority decision by the jury.[36]
 
Since retiring, Khan has written opinion pieces on cricket for various British and Asian newspapers, especially regarding the Pakistani national team. His contributions have been published in India’s Outlook magazine,[37] the Guardian,[38] the Independent, and the Telegraph. Khan also sometimes appears as a cricket commentator on Asian and British sports networks, including BBC Urdu[39] and the Star TV network.[40] In 2004, when the Indian cricket team toured Pakistan after 14 years, he was a commentator on TEN Sports‘ special live show, Straight Drive,[41] while he was also a columnist for sify.com for the 2005 India-Pakistan Test series.[42] He has provided analysis for every cricket World Cup since 1992, which includes providing match summaries for the BBC during the 1999 World Cup.[42] He holds as a captain the world record for taking most wickets, best bowling strike rate and best bowling average in test,[43] [44] and best bowling figures (8 wickets for 60 runs) in a test innings,[45] and also most five-wicket hauls (6) in a test innings in wins.[46]

Welfare activities

Shaukat Khanum Memorial Trust
Khan focused his efforts solely on social work. By 1991, he had founded the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Trust, a charity organisation bearing the name of his mother, Mrs. Shaukat Khanum. As the Trust’s maiden endeavour, Khan established Pakistan’s first and only cancer hospital, constructed using donations and funds exceeding $25 million, raised by Khan from all over the world.[7] [47][48]
 
Namal Knowledge City
On 27 April 2008, Khan established a technical college in the Mianwali District called Namal College. It was built by the Mianwali Development Trust (MDT), and is an associate college of the University of Bradford in December 2005.[49][50]
 
Imran Khan Foundation
 
Imran Khan Foundation is another welfare work, which aims to assist the needy people all over the Pakistan. It has provided help to flood victims in Pakistan.[51] Buksh Foundation has partnered with Imran Khan Foundation to light up villages in Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali and Dera Ismail Khan under the project ‘Lighting a Million Lives’. The campaign will establish several Solar Charging Stations in the selected off-grid villages providing and will provide villagers with solar lanterns, which can be regularly charged at the solar-charging stations.[52][53].[13]
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