کوہلی نے محمد عامر کو خطرناک ترین بولر قرار دیدیا

بھارتی کرکٹ ٹیم کے کپتان ویرات کوہلی نے محمد عامر کو دنیا کا خطرناک ترین بولر قرار دیا ہے۔ عامر خان نے اپنے پروگرام میں کوہلی سے سوال کیا کہ آپ کے من میں دنیا کا کوئی ایسا بولر ہے جس کا سامنا کرتے ہوئے آپ کو لگا کہ یہ بہت مشکل بولر ہے اور اسے کھیلتے ہوئے پریشانی کا سامنا کرنا پڑا ہو، جس پر انہوں نے کچھ سوچتے ہوئے جواب دیا کہ ”موجودہ بولرز جن کا میں نے سامنا کیا ہے ان میں محمد عامر کو کھیلنا مشکل رہا، وہ دنیا کے ٹاپ 2 یا 3 مشکل ترین بولرز میں سے ہیں۔ وہ ایسے بولر ہیں جن کے خلاف کھیلتے ہوئے آپ کو اپنی اے کلاس گیم کھیلنا پڑتا ہے ورنہ وہ آپ کی وکٹیں اڑا دے گا، وہ واقعی بہت ہی شاندار بولر ہیں۔“

واضح رہے کہ ویرات کوہلی اور محمد عامر بہت اچھے دوست ہیں اور انہوں نے ایشیا کپ 2016ء میں محمد عامر کی صلاحیتوں کی تعریف کی تھی اور انہیں اپنا بیٹ بھی تحفے میں دے چکے ہیں، چیمپئنز ٹرافی کے فائنل میں محمد عامر نے اپنے اوپر تنقید کے نشتر برسانے والے روہت شرما کو آﺅٹ کرنے کے بعد ویرات کوہلی کی وکٹ حاصل کی تھی، ایک بال پر سلپ میں کیچ ڈراپ ہونے کے بعد اگلی ہی بال پر شاداب خان کا کیچ بنواتے ہوئے انہیں پویلین کا راستہ دکھایا تھا۔

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کوہلی کے پرفارم نہ کرنے کا سبب بھی پاکستان ؟

آئی سی سی چیمپیئنز ٹرافی کے آٹھویں میچ میں سری لنکا نے فیورٹ قرار دی جانے والی ٹیم بھارت کو 7 وکٹ سے شکست دے کر ایونٹ کا بڑا اَپ سیٹ کر دیا۔
ایسے میں بھارتی کرکٹ فینز کا غم و غصے کا اظہار کرنا تو بنتا تھا اور وہ کافی ناامید ہوئے بھی، جس کا اندازہ سماجی روابط کی ویب سائٹ ٹوئٹر پر کی جانے والی ٹوئیٹس سے لگایا جا سکتا ہے۔ سری لنکا کے خلاف بیٹنگ میں بھارت کو بڑا دھچکا اُس وقت لگا جب کپتان ویرات کوہلی بغیر کوئی رن بنائے پویلین لوٹ گئے۔ روہت شرما، شیکھر دھاون اور مہندرا سنگھ دھونی کی جانب سے شاندار کھیل کے مظاہرے اور 321 کا مجموعہ اسکور بورڈ پر سجانے کے باوجود بھی بھارت یہ میچ جیت نہ سکا۔

ایسے میں ویرات کوہلی کا صفر پر آؤٹ ہونا کرکٹ فینز کے لیے موضوع بحث بنا رہا اور جب انہیں اس کا کوئی ذمہ دار سمجھ نہ آیا تو سارا ملبہ پاکستانی اسپورٹس اینکر زینب عباس پر ڈال دیا۔ بھارتی ویب سائٹ ذی نیوز کے مطابق پاکستان کے نجی ٹیلی ویژن چینل ‘دنیا نیوز’ کی اسپورٹس اینکر اور تجزیہ کار زینب عباس کو کوہلی کی خراب پرفارمنس کی وجہ اس لیے قرار دیا جاتا رہا کیونکہ انہوں نے کوہلی کے ساتھ سیلفی لی تھی۔ خیال رہے کہ زینب عباس نے ویرات کوہلی کے ساتھ لی گئی یہ تصویر یکم جون کو اپنے ٹوئٹر اکاؤنٹ پر شیئر کی تھی۔

ٹوئٹر صارفین نے اس سے قبل زینب عباس کی ویرات کوہلی اور جنوبی افریقہ کے کپتان اے بی ڈویلیئر کے ساتھ سیلفی کا حوالہ دیتے ہوئے لکھا کہ یہ دونوں کھلاڑی زینب کے ساتھ سیلفی کے بعد صفر پر آؤٹ ہوئے۔ جنوبی افریقہ کے کپتان کے ساتھ ان کی یہ سیلفی پاکستان اور جنوبی افریقہ کے ٹاکرے سے قبل لی گئی تھی اور کپتان اے بی ڈی ویلیئرز اگلے ہی میچ میں پہلی بار صفر پر آؤٹ ہو گئے تھے۔ ایک صارف نے تو یہاں تک لکھ ڈالا کہ ‘آئی سی سی ایونٹس میں زینب عباس کی بھارتی کھلاڑیوں سے دوری کو یقینی بنانے کے لیے پٹیشن کا آغاز کرتا ہوں’۔

اس دلچسپ صورتحال میں پاکستانی ٹوئٹر صارفین بھی خوب محظوظ ہوتے رہے اور زینب سے مزید فرمائش کر ڈالی کہ وہ اگلی سیلفی سری لنکن کپتان انجیلیو میتھیوس کے ساتھ لے لیں۔

کرکٹ کے بہانے بھارتی بورڈ کی ’بلیک میلنگ‘

انڈین کرکٹ بورڈ (بی سی سی آئي) کے پاس پیسے کی کوئی کمی نہیں ہے۔ یا یوں کہیں کہ بورڈ کے پاس بے شمار پیسہ ہے۔ پھر اسے اور پیسہ کیوں چاہیے! یہ ایک بڑا سوال ہے۔ اسی لالچ کے تحت کبھی انٹرنیشنل کرکٹ کونسل کا مائی باپ رہنے والا ادارہ بی سی سی آئی گذشتہ ماہ دبئی میں ہونے والی بورڈ کی میٹنگ میں ایک طرح سے یتیم ہو گیا۔ وہاں ہمیشہ ساتھ کھڑے رہنے والے پاکستان، بنگلہ دیش اور سری لنکا نے بھی ساتھ چھوڑ دیا۔ ذرا اندازہ لگائيں کہ جس کرکٹ بورڈ نے سنہ 2013 کے آئی پی ایل میں ہونے والی سپاٹ فکسنگ اور سٹے بازی کا کیس لڑنے کے لیے تقریباً 50 کروڑ روپے لگا دیئے اور 2015 – 2016 کی گھریلو سیریز میں میڈیا رائٹس کی کمائی 648 کروڑ تھی اور جس کا کرکٹ فکسڈ ڈپازٹ کے سود کے پیسے سے بھی چل سکتا ہے، وہ آئی سی سی سے زیادہ سے زیادہ پیسے کا مطالبہ کر رہا ہے۔

سنہ 2015-2016 میں آئی پی ایل سے 738 کروڑ روپے کمانے والا بھارتی بورڈ پہلی جون سے انگلینڈ میں ہونے والی چیمپئنز ٹرافی سے ہٹنے کی دھمکی دے رہا ہے۔ ظاہر ہے کہ اس کے لیے کھیل کے کوئی معنی نہیں ہیں۔ ہندوستانی کھلاڑی بی سی سی آئی کے حکام کے لیے محض پیسے کمانے کا ذریعہ ہیں۔ یہ سب ایسے وقت میں ہو رہا ہے جب ہندوستان میں سپریم کورٹ نے جسٹس آر ایس لوڈھا کمیٹی کی بی سی سی آئی میں انتظامی اصلاحات کی سفارشات والی رپورٹ کو نافذ کرنے کے لیے ایک کمیٹی قائم کر رکھی ہے۔

سب سے بڑا حصہ

قانونی طور پر اس کمیٹی کی اجازت کے بغیر کوئی بھی بی سی سی آئی کا افسر آئی سی سی کو اس طرح کی دھمکی دینے کی پوزیشن میں نہیں ہے۔ لیکن اس کے باوجود بھارتی عدالتی نظام کو ہمیشہ انگوٹھے دکھانے کا عادی بی سی سی آئی اپنے خزانے کو اور مضبوط بنانے کے لیے بین الاقوامی کرکٹ برادری سے باہر نکل جانے کی دھمکیاں دے رہا ہے۔ آئی سی سی کے نئے ریوینو ماڈل کے حساب سے تمام اراکین بھارتی بورڈ کو آٹھ سالوں کے دوران آئی سی سی کے ٹورنامنٹوں سے ہونے والی کمائی میں سے 29 کروڑ تیس لاکھ ڈالر دینے پر اتفاق کرتے ہیں۔ جبکہ انگلینڈ کو 14 کروڑ تیس لاکہ ڈالر ملیں گے۔ اس کے علاوہ آسٹریليا، ویسٹ انڈیز، جنوبی افریقہ، سری لنکا، پاکستان، بنگلہ دیش اور نیوزی لینڈ ہر ایک کے حصے میں 13 کروڑ بیس لاکھ ڈالر آئیں گے۔

دلچسپ پہلو یہ ہے کہ آئی سی سی کے اہم مقاصد میں پوری دنیا میں کرکٹ کو مقبول کرنا شامل ہے۔ ایسوسی ایٹ ممبر آئر لینڈ اور افغانستان کی کرکٹ کے نقشے پر مستحکم موجودگی آئی سی سی کی بڑی کامیابی ہے۔ جب آئی سی سی کی تشکیل ہوئی تھی اس وقت کھیل کو وسیع کرنے کا عہد تھا نہ کہ دھندے میں اضافہ کرنے کا۔ لیکن آئی سی سی کے 39 ایسوسی ایٹ اراکین کو محض 28 کروڑ ڈالر ملنے ہیں۔ یعنی کہ پہلے سے ہی پیسے سے لبالب بی سی سی آئی کو ان 39 ممالک سے بھی زیادہ پیسہ مل رہا ہے اور یہ بھی اسے کم نظر آ رہا ہے۔

ششانك منوہر کا کردار

بی سی سی آئی کے حکام اپنے سابق باس ششانك منوہر کو کوس رہے ہیں۔ ششانک کی ہی بدولت آئی سی سی کی آمدنی کا بڑا حصہ انڈیا، انگلینڈ اور آسٹریلیا کو ملنے سے روک دیا۔ ظاہر ہے کہ منوہر نے بطور آئی سی سی چیئرمین باقی رکن ممالک اور کھیل کو اہمیت دی اور یہ بات قابل تعریف ہے۔ ششانك کہتے ہیں: ‘موجودہ ماڈل ورلڈ کرکٹ کی بہتری کے لیے ایک اہم قدم ہے اور امید ہے کہ سالانہ کانفرنس میں اس کو منظوری مل جائے گی۔ مجھے پورا یقین ہے کہ ہم اس ماڈل کو اپنا کر کرکٹ کو عالمی سطح پر پھیلانے اور بہتر بنانے کے لیے ایک مضبوط بنیاد فراہم کر سکتے ہیں۔

بے انتہا لالچ کی جڑ کرپشن

بی سی سی آئی کے ایک سینیئر افسر کے مطابق: ‘یہ ماڈل ہمیں منظور نہیں۔ ہمیں لگتا ہے کہ آئی سی سی کے اگلے آٹھ سال کے متوقع ریوینو کا تقریباً 21 فیصد بھارتی بورڈ کو ملنا چاہیے۔’ اس حساب سے بی سی سی آئی کا مطالبہ 60 کروڑ ڈالر سے زیادہ ہوتا ہے جو کہ ہر لحاظ سے ناجائز ہے۔ اور بی سی سی آئی کو یہ پیسے کس کے لیے چاہیے؟ اپنے کھلاڑیوں کے لیے یا پھر اپنے ارکان کے لیے۔

دہلی، گوا، حیدرآباد، جموں اور کشمیر کرکٹ ایسوسی ایشن سمیت بی سی سی آئی کے کئی ارکان کے خلاف بدعنوانی کے چارجز ہیں۔ ان تنظیموں کے خلاف کئی سو کروڑ کے گھپلے کا الزام ہے اور کئی ایجنسیاں ان باری میں تحقیقات کر رہی ہیں۔

لیکن کسی بھی صورت میں بی سی سی آئی کی جانب سے کوئی ایف آئی آر درج نہیں کی گئی ہے حالانکہ یہ اس کا پیسہ ہے۔

اعداد و شمار دیکھنے کے بعد صاف ظاہر ہے کہ کھلاڑی پیسے کے کھیل میں کہیں نہیں ہیں۔ ان کے گذشتہ سال کے بین الاقوامی کیلنڈر کی فیس بی سی سی آئی کے قانونی اخراجات کے سامنے کچھ نہیں۔ کوئی یہ بھی نہیں بتا رہا کہ خود کھلاڑی چیمپئنز ٹرافی میں کھیلنا چاہتے ہیں یا نہیں۔ یا پھر ان کی اپنی کیا رائے ہے؟ خطرناک پہلو یہ ہے کہ کرکٹ کے بہانے بھارتی بورڈ بلیک میلنگ کر رہا ہے۔ ایسے میں سوال اٹھتا ہے کہ ہندوستانی ٹیم اس ٹورنامنٹ میں کھیلے گی یا نہیں!

ٹیم انڈیا کو کھیلنے سے روکنا اب بی سی سی آئی کے بس میں نہیں ہے۔

سپریم کورٹ درمیان میں ہے اور سات مئی کو ہونے والے بی سی سی آئی کے اجلاس میں پہلے سے ہی ناکامیوں کے سبب نشانے پر موجود بی سی سی آئی کے حکام کے پاس ٹیم کو بھیجنے کے سوا کوئی دوسرا چارہ نہیں ہے۔ اطلاعات کے مطابق سپریم کورٹ کی منتظمین کی کمیٹی ٹیم کو روکے جانے کے خلاف ہے۔ کمیٹی کے ایک رکن اور تاریخ داں رام چندر گوہا نے ٹویٹ بھی کیا ہے کہ ان کی ذاتی رائے ہے کہ ہندوستان کو چیمپئنز ٹرافی میں شرکت کرنا چاہیے۔ اور سوال یہ بھی ہے کہ اگر باقی ملک یہ طے کر لیں کہ وہ بھارت کے بغیر کرکٹ چلانے کے لیے تیار ہیں تو پھر بی سی سی آئی کی کیا حالت ہو گی؟

جسوندر سدھو

کرکٹ تجزیہ کار

Hanif Mohammad, Pakistani Cricket’s Little Master

Hanif Mohammad was a Pakistani cricketer. He played for the Pakistani cricket team in 55 Test matches between 1952–53 and 1969–70 and averaged 43.98, with twelve hundreds. At his peak, he was considered one of the best batsmen in the world. He played at a time when there was very little Test cricket being played by Pakistan, with just 55 Test matches in a career spanning 17 years. In his obituary by ESPNcricinfo, he was honoured as the original Little Master, a title later assumed by Sunny Gavaskar and Sachin Tendulkar.
Hanif was trained by Abdul Aziz, an Afghan cricket player, who had earlier played in Ranji Trophy for Jamnagar and father of Indian cricketer, Salim Durani. The highest of Hanif’s Test centuries was a famous 337 made against West Indies in a six-day test at Bridgetown in 1957/58. After Pakistan found itself following on from a first-innings deficit of 473 runs on the afternoon of the third day, Hanif spent more than sixteen hours at the crease compiling his runs, allowing Pakistan to draw the game. It remains the longest innings in Test history (and stood as the longest in all first-class cricket for over 40 years). It was the only Test match instance of a triple century in a team’s second innings until it was equaled by New Zealand cricketer Brendon McCullum against India in 2014. Displays such as this earned him the nickname “Little Master”.

 

 

 

Aslam Pahalwan

Aslam Pahalwan (born 1927) was a Pakistani professional wrestler.

Career

Aslam Pahalwan started his wrestling career as the pupil of Hamida Pahalwan and also the Great Gama of India. Aslam is one of the unbeatable wrestlers that the art of traditional wrestling produced when it flourished in India during the past. His exercise routine was similar to that of his elder brother Bholu Pahalwan. He trained thrice a day, relying mostly on basic Pahalwani exercises, such as bodyweight exercises like the Indian Pushups called dands and squats known as baithaks in the regional language, Or other ancient workouts like the Indian weight training with stones called nals and heavy clubs exercise known as Joris to increase strength, stamina and flexibility. A high-calorie and nutritious diet was a must to sustain bodyweight after a strenuous workout. He usually consumed an entire goat during a single meal.
Aslam started wrestling during 1940s. He commenced his career by participating in tournaments held mostly in the Punjab, but he also competed in games held in other parts of India. His first wrestling match was in Amritsar against Bala Pahalwan of India. He defeated his opponent in only ninety seconds. In another important test of his career Aslam defeated Niranjan Singh in Patiala in less than two minutes. During the pre-partition days, the Maharaja of Patiala used to sponsor a wrestling championship in his princely state each year, during the Islamic month of Moharram. During one such tournament Aslam defeated a wrestler known as Puran Singh, in a final showdown. He was rewarded a sum of ten thousand rupees by the Maharaja Bhopindar Singh for his success. He later moved into the limelight by beating Kala Pahalwan and Aslam Mohni Wala in the city of Lahore.
After the Indian Partition, Aslam got stationed in Lahore, Pakistan. He mostly confronted the best wrestlers of Pakistani Punjab. In 1951, Aslam defeated the No.1 wrestler Younus Pahalwan a.k.a. Younus Gujranwala of Gujranwala for the title of Rustam-e-Punjab. He was officially declared Rustam-i-Punjab (i.e. Champion of Punjab) in Minto Park, Lahore. After becoming the champion of Punjab, he wrestled and defeated a number of bona fide wrestlers, like the 1939 IWA Heavyweight Champion, Australian George Pencheff, who were operating throughout India during early 1950s. The exact record of Aslam Pahalwan’s wrestling bouts has not been arranged yet. However, in 1953, he won the Commonwealth Championship. Aslam then issued challenges to wrestlers all over the world and announced a reward of 100,000 rupees to any wrestler who could beat him. In a challenge match, Aslam defeated the famed Indian wrestler Tarlok Singh at the National Stadium in Karachi in the second round. In Nairobi in 1953 he defeated the Indian Wrestler Mahinder Singh. In another challenge match, Aslam defeated the European Heavyweight Champion, and former World Champion, Bert Assirati in Bombay, India on June 3, 1954in front of the 40,000 in attendance. Assirati was the strongest man in wrestling at the time of this match. An Indian entrepreneur rewarded Aslam with a sum of ten thousand rupees on his victory.
During the 50s, Aslam faced all challengers with a great deal of success. In 1957, he travelled to the Far East. In Singapore, Aslam announced a one hundred thousand dollar reward for any wrestler who could beat him. In response to his challenge, he confronted twenty different wrestlers from around the world, and defeated them all. Even a number of significant wrestlers, like King Kong and Sheik Wadi Ayuob, failed to beat him. Aslam later defeated Tiger Sucha Singh and Joginder Singh at the National Stadium in Karachi in a challenge match. In May 1962 he defeated King Kong Czaja (the largest attraction in the history of wrestling) and Lofty Binnie of New Zealand in Karachi.
During the early 60s, he wrestled in India and Pakistan. In 1967 Aslam was sponsored by British promoter Christopher Whelan. He toured the United Kingdom and faced opponents at the leading arenas of the North, Midlands and Scotland. There he defeated the Canadian Champion George Gordienko. On his return home he was awarded the President’s Award of Pride of Performance. [1]. He was ranked among top 10 pro wrestlers in the World. 1. WWWF Champion Bruno Sammartino 2. Karl Gotch 3. Lou Thesz, 4. Aslam Pahalwan, 5. Shohei Baba 6. Fritz Von Erich 7.Bill Watts 8. Dick the Bruiser 9.Ray stevens 10. Verne Gagne 11. Ernie Ladd. In 1971 he wrestled in United Kingdom, but this visit was cut short due to India-Pakistan war. He was managed by the British wrestling promoter Orig Williams.
Aslam gave up wrestling during the early 1970s. He commenced his bout with a charge clashing with his opponent, and used a combination of maneuvers like the Boston Crab to subdue his opponents. Aslam is best remembered for his victory over Bert Assirati in 1954. He died on 7 January 1989 at the age of 62 in Pakistan. His son Zubair Aslam a.k.a. Jhara Pahalwan was a champion wrestler.
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Zafar Iqbal

Zafar Iqbal (born June 20, 1956) is a former Indian field hockey player and captained the national team.[1]

 Professional career

Iqbal was a member of the 1980 Summer Olympics field hockey team that won the last Olympic Gold Medal for India. He has captained Indian squad in various international events, among them being Asian Games, in 1982 and 1983 Champions Trophy, and the 1984 Summer Olympics. Iqbal is remembered for a strong attack as well as for missing a goal, in front of an open goal against West Germany, that would have placed India a semifinal spot in the 1984 Olympics. Iqbal was awarded the Arjuna Award, the highest award given in sports by India.[2] He has served as Chief National Coach for Indian hockey from early 1993 to October 1994. Iqbal currently works as manager for Indian Airlines and is a National selector for Indian hockey team.[3]He was awarded PadmaShri Award in 2012.[4]

 

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Mohammed Shahid

Mohammed Shahid (born 14 April 1960) is a former field hockey player from India. He is considered one of India’s best to have played the game and was known for his dribbling skills.[1] He was a member of the Indian team that won the gold medal at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow. He was awarded Arjuna Award in 1980-1981 and Padma Shri in 1986.

Early life

Mohammed Shahid was born on 14 April 1960 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Career

Mohammed Shahid mad his first appearance for India in the junior team in 1979 at the Junior World Cup in France. He made his first appearance in the senior team in the same year in a four-nation tournament in Kuala Lumpur under the captaincy of Vasudevan Baskaran, after his inclusion in the team following his impressive performance in the Aga Khan Cup.[2]During his playing days, Shahid was known for his running ability, dribbling of the ball and push which was as fast as a hard hit.[3][4][2]His attacking partnership on the field with Zafar Iqbal was well known.[5] He was awarded the ‘Best Forward player’ at the 1980 Champions Trophy in Karachi.[4] He was a member of the team that won the gold at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, silver at the 1982 Asian Games and bronze at the 1986 Asian Games. His skill and ability earned him a place in the Asian All-Star team in 1986.[6] He captained the Indian team during 1985-86. Later, he became a sports officer with the Indian Railways in Varanasi. [7]
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Fazal Mahmood

Fazal Mahmood (18 February 1927 – 30 May 2005) was a Pakistani cricketer, regarded as the finest pace bowler of his country’s early years. He played in 34 Test matches and took 139 wickets at a bowling average of 24.70. The first Pakistani to pass 100 wickets, he reached the landmark in his 22nd match. Fazal played his earliest first-class cricket for Northern India in the Ranji Trophy and strong performances there led to selection for India’s inaugural tour of Australia in 1947–48. The partition of India prior to the tour led Fazal, a Muslim, to withdraw and choose Pakistan. He played a major role in first gaining Test status for the new nation and then establishing them as a Test match team. 
He took ten wickets in a Test on four occasions; those against India, England and Australia coming in Pakistan’s maiden victories over those teams. Fazal’s most memorable performance came on the 1954 tour of England, when he had a leading role as Pakistan won at The Oval to square the series. He took match figures of 12/99, including 6/46 in the second innings as England collapsed chasing a target of 168. Succeeding Abdul Kardar as captain, Fazal led the national team in 10 matches between 1959 and 1961. He had immediate success against the West Indies but after losing to Australia and a stalemate with India he was sacked as captain. In all Pakistan won two Tests and lost two under his leadership. He retired from Test and first-class cricket following the 1962 tour of England when he was called up to replace injured opening bowlers.

Early life

Born in Lahore, Fazal attended Islamia College,Lahore from the age of 13. His father, Ghulam Hussain,[1] was a Professor of Economics at the College as well as being president of the College’s cricket club.[2] He set Fazal a stringent training routine which involved waking at 4:30 am, walking five miles and running five miles. This schedule was adhered to for seven years.[2][3] Fazal made the College first team in his second year and at the age of 15 took 5/13[4] in an inter-college final, a record for the tournament.[3]

First-class cricket

India

In March 1944, Fazal, aged 17 and still at college, made his first-class debut for Northern India. In a Ranji Trophy match against Southern Punjab he batted at number eleven scoring 38 not out and taking three wickets. His maiden first-class wicket was that of India Test all-rounder Lala Amarnath.[5] In Fazal’s second appearance, a semi-final against Western India, he claimed eight wickets including 6/65 in the first innings.[6]
After a quiet 1944–45 season, in which Fazal took five wickets at 18.20, his performances the following season almost led to a place on the 1946 tour of England.[2] Playing in the Zonal Quadrangular Tournament, a competition which acted as a trial for the tour, he opened the bowling for North Zone with Amarnath and took match figures of 9/83.[7] Indian captain Nawab of Pataudi wanted Fazal in the squad but he was considered too young by the other selectors.[8] 
On the tourists return home they played two matches against a Rest of India XI, Fazal took seven wickets in the first match which the Rest won but was expensive in the second.[9] Later in the 1946–47 season his batting abilities were displayed when he scored his first and only first-class century. Playing for North Zone he scored exactly 100 not out from number eight, sharing in a 207-run seventh wicket partnership with Gogumal Kishenchand. North Zone won the match comfortably with Fazal contributing six wickets.[10] He took a further five wickets in the final but North Zone lost by an innings.[11] The zonal tournament had again acted as a trial, on this occasion for the country’s inaugural tour of Australia in 1947–48.[3] Fazal was included in the squad and attended the training camp,[12] however before the tour began partition intervened and as a devout Muslim Fazal withdrew.[2]

Pakistan

The maiden first-class match in the newly formed country took place on 27 December 1947 between Punjab and Sind. Fazal played for Punjab, taking six wickets and scoring 60 in an innings victory.[13] The match was the first time that Fazal opened the bowling alongside Khan Mohammad, his future new ball partner for Pakistan. The first international visitors to Pakistan were West Indies in November 1948. The last of three fixtures was against a representative side which contained Fazal, he failed to take a wicket in a drawn match.[14] At the end of the 1948–49 season Pakistan toured Ceylon for four matches, Fazal was the leading wicket-taker with 20 wickets. On the return tour a year later he took 16 wickets in two matches.[9]A MCC side toured the subcontinent in 1951–52, playing a number of fixtures in Pakistan. In the first match against Punjab they were nearly forced to follow on after Fazal took 5/58.[3] The fifth and final match of the tour was against a Pakistan side on a coir matting wicket at Karachi,[2] Fazal exploited the surface to return figures of 6/40 in the MCC’s first innings.[15] The hosts went on to win by four wickets, a victory that played a large part in Pakistan gaining Test status.[3][8] Pakistan were made Test members on 28 July 1952, less than five years after independence.[16]

Test career

First series

In October 1952, Pakistan began their first Test series against India. Fazal made his Test debut in the first match at Delhi, taking 2/92 in India’s first innings, his maiden wicket was Indian captain, Lala Amarnath. Pakistan were dismissed cheaply twice to lose by an innings, Fazal was the only Pakistani player to reach double figures in both innings.[17] Pakistan reversed the result in the second Test at Lucknow, played on a jute matting pitch Fazal took 5/52 in the first innings and 7/42 in the second as Pakistan won by an innings in only their second ever Test.[18] His match figures of 12/94 are the best by a Pakistani bowler away from home,[19] and were the best by any bowler against India until 1980.[20] In the third Test at Bombay Fazal was wicketless as Pakistan lost by ten wickets, although in their first innings he scored 33 batting at number eight, helping Pakistan recover from 60/6 to 143/7.[21] The final two Tests of the series were drawn, Fazal took six further wickets to finish his maiden series as Pakistan’s leader wicket-taker with 20 at 25.60. He also made some lower order contributions finishing with a series total of 173 runs at 28.83.[22]

England tour

A Pakistan Eaglets side, containing Fazal, was sent to England in 1953 in preparation for the following year’s tour of the country. While in England, Fazal received coaching from retired England and Surrey fast bowler Alf Gover.[3]Fazal was made vice-captain to Abdul Kardar for the 1954 tour which would prove a success for both player and team on their first series outside the subcontinent. Fazal began the tour well, taking 11/102 and scoring 67 in the tourists first match against Worcestershire.[23] He continued to take wickets in the lead up to the Test series,[9] and also demonstrated his ability to bowl long and economical spells particularly against Oxford University where he bowled 37 maidens in 68 overs taking 7/95 in the process.[24]
The first Test at Lord’s was heavily affected by rain and drawn, batting was difficult in the play that was possible and Pakistan were dismissed for 87 in their first innings. England in response scored 117/9 declared with Fazal and Khan Mohammad bowling throughout the innings, Fazal recording figures of 4/54.[25] In the tour match before the next Test Pakistan played Nottinghamshire at Trent Bridge, the tourists won by eight wickets with Fazal taking 11 wickets including a then career best 8/66 in the first innings.[26] The second Test was at the same venue but saw contrasting fortunes as the Pakistanis suffered a heavy innings defeat and Fazal recorded his worst Test figures of 0/148.[27] Although he was suffering with a leg injury which forced him to shorten his run-up.[28] Pakistan faced another innings defeat after three days of the third Test but the match was drawn after rain stopped any play on the final two days, Fazal took 4/107 from 42 overs in England’s innings.[29]
Pakistan went to the fourth and final Test at The Oval 1–0 down but caused a major upset by beating England to level the series, it was the first occasion that a country had won a Test in England on their inaugural tour.[30] Fazal played a leading role in the victory claiming match figures of 12/99. In England’s first innings he bowled throughout taking 6/53 from 30 overs, Wisden wrote the figures ‘would have been much better but for dropped catches’.[31] In a low scoring match, England were set a target of 168 in their second innings. Despite the early loss of Len Hutton, for the second time in the match caught behind off the bowling of Fazal, at 109/2 England looked well set on the fourth evening. However Fazal took the wickets of Peter May, Godfrey Evans and Denis Compton before the close and the next day took the first two wickets to fall as Pakistan completed a 24-run victory. Fazal’s finished with second innings figures of 6/46 from 30 overs.[32]
In the series Fazal took 20 wickets, 12 more than the next best Pakistani bowler, at an average of 20.40.[33] He played in only one of the six first-class matches that concluded the tour but still finished as leading wicket-taker with 77 at 17.53.[34] In recognition of his feats, Fazal was named a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1955, the first Pakistani to be honoured.[35]

Home series

Pakistan’s first home series came in the 1954–55 season with the visit of India for five Test matches. The series was marked by defensive and dull cricket with all five matches being drawn, the first occurrence of this in Test history.[36] Fazal played in four of the matches and took 15 wickets at 21.93.[37] His best figures came in the fifth Test at Karachi where he took 5/48 in India’s first innings.[27]
Later in 1955 New Zealand made their maiden tour to the country, Pakistan completed a first Test series victory, winning 2–0.[38] Fazal played in two of the three Tests and took five wickets at 18.40.[37]
Australia was the next visitors to Pakistan, touring in October 1956 for a single Test prior to their series in India and following the tour of England. In the match at Karachi, Pakistan secured a historic victory in their first Test against Australia. Fazal played a major role in the win, taking Test best figures of 13/114. He took the first six wickets to fall in Australia’s first innings leaving the tourists on 52/6, a position they failed to recover from, they were 80 all out. He also took the first four wickets in the second innings and finished with 7/80.[39] Wisden described his technique: “maintaining an accurate length and varying his swing with a mixture of leg-cutters and breakbacks”.[40] Imtiaz Ahmed said that: “Fazal never wavered in length and direction, and he moved the ball both ways intelligently…For one whole over from Fazal in the first innings, even the great Miller had no clue.”[41]

Tour of West Indies

Pakistan’s tour of the West Indies in 1958 was marked by a number of high scoring Test matches and Fazal had a large workload, sending down over 320 overs in the five Test series including 186 in consecutive Tests.[27] Pakistan lost the series 3–1 and only avoided defeat in the first Test thanks to the 16-hour innings of 337 by Hanif Mohammad. In the second Test at Trinidad Fazal was Pakistan’s most economical bowler collecting six wickets in the process, while as batsman he scored 60 from number 10, his highest Test score and only fifty at international level.[42] The third Test at Kingston was historic as Gary Sobers scored 365 not out, breaking the Test record for highest individual score. Injuries to fellow opening bowler Mahmood Hussain and spinner Nasim-ul-Ghani meant that Fazal sent down 85.2 overs, what Wisden described as ‘a phenomenal number of overs for a bowler of his pace’.[43] Fazal conceded 247 runs in the innings and took the only two wickets to fall.[44] Fazal’s bowling analysis places him fifth in Test history for most overs bowled and most runs conceded in an innings.[45][46] Pakistan lost the Test by an innings and by losing the next match in Guyana they lost the series.[47] Pakistan achieved a consolation victory in the fifth Test, Fazal taking 6/83 in the first innings including the wicket of Conrad Hunte with the first ball of the match.[48] Fazal finished the series with 20 wickets at 38.20, despite being one of his worst in terms of average,[37] he was still Pakistan’s leading wicket-taker.[49]
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Mohsin Hasan Khan

Mohsin Hasan Khan   born 15 March 1955, Karachi, Sindh) is a former Pakistani cricketer who played in 48 Tests and 75 ODIs from 1977 to 1986 mainly as an opening batsman.

Life and career

Playing in this role for Pakistan against India at Lahore in 1982–83, he scored 101 not out of Pakistan’s second-innings total of 135/1. This is the lowest team score in Test cricket to have included a century.[1]Mohsin was one of a minority of South Asian players to come to terms with conditions in Australia and England, scoring two consecutive centuries in Australia in 1983/4[2] and becoming the first Pakistani batsman to score a Test double century at Lord’s, which he did earlier in 1982.[3] He retired from international cricket to pursue a film career.
Mohsin later married Bollywood movie star Reena Roy and had a short career as an actor in the Indian film industry. He has since divorced Roy and remarried and lives in Karachi, Pakistan. He has a daughter with Reena Roy, who now lives with her mother in India. He had named his daughter Jannat, but she is now called Sanam. On 2 March 2010 Mohsin Khan was named Iqbal Qasim‘s successor as chief selector of the Pakistan national cricket team. He accepted the role turned down by fellow one-time opener Saeed Anwar. Mohsin is Pakistan’s fourth chief of selectors in the 12 months of 2009–10.[4]

Filmography

  • 1997 Mahaanta
  • 1996 Ghunghat
  • 1994 Beta
  • 1994 Madam X
  • 1993 The Elephant Walk
  • 1993 Jannat
  • 1992 Laat Saab
  • 1991 Saathi
  • 1991 Pratikar
  • 1991 Gunehgar Kaun
  • 1991 Fateh
  • 1989 Batwara
  • 1992 tyagi
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Sikander Bakht

Sikander Bakht (August 24, 1918 – February 23, 2004) was a politician from India and Indian Freedom Fighter.[1] He was one of the Indian statesman and one of leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Early life

Sikander Bakht was born in Delhi, India in 1918. He attended the Anglo Arabic Senior Secondary School, Delhi and completed his Bachelor of Science from the Anglo-Arabic College (now known as Zakir Husain College) in Delhi. During his school and college days he was a keen hockey player and represented Delhi University and Delhi in various tournaments. He also played and captained the Independents Hockey Club. He once said he is proud member of BJP and always maintained that India is land of secularism and supported the ethos of India.

Political career

In 1952 Bakht was elected to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi as a Congress candidate. In 1968 he was elected as the Chairman of Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking. In 1969 the Congress party split and Bakht stayed with Congress (Organisation). Bakht was then elected to The Metropolitan Council of Delhi as a Congress (O) candidate. On June 25, 1975 Emergency was declared by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Bakht along with other opposition leaders was imprisoned on June 25, 1975. He was lodged in The Rohtak Jail until his release in December 1976. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered General Elections in March 1977. As soon as the opposition leaders were released, they merged all opposition parties to form The Janta Party.
In March 1977 Bakht was elected to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of Indian Parliament) as a Janata Party candidate, from Chandni Chowk in New Delhi. Morarji Desai was appointed Prime Minister and he appointed Bakht as a Cabinet Minister for Works, Housing, Supply and Rehabilitation. He served in this capacity till July 1979. In 1980 the Janta Party split and Bakht opted to be with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was appointed as General Secretary of BJP. In 1984 he was made the Vice President of BJP.
In 1990 Bakht was elected to the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the Indian Parliament)from Madhya Pradesh. In 1992 he became the Leader of Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. (The Leader of Opposition is equivalent to Cabinet Minister’s post.) On 10 April 1996 he was reelected from Madhya Pradesh to the Rajya Sabha .[2]
In May 1996, Atal Bihari Vajpayee offered Bakht the post of Minister of Urban Affairs when he formed his government. Bakht, however, demanded a higher post, and on May 24 he was given the additional post of Minister of Foreign Affairs. The Vajpayee Government lasted only 13 days. Bakht was Foreign Minister for little more than a week, as he was forced to resign when Vajpayee’s government collapsed on June 1, 1996. After the collapse of the Vajpayee government, Bakht became The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha once again. In 1998 Vajpayee was again appointed Prime Minister and Bakht was appointed Industry Minister. In addition he was appointed as the Leader of the House in Rajya Sabha.

Awards

In 2000 Bakht was awarded the Padma Vibhushan. This is the second highest Indian civilian award. The only other person in the BJP to be awarded the Padma Vibhushan is Atal Behari Vajpayee.

Death

Bakht finished his term in Rajya Sabha on April 9, 2002. 9 days later, Bakht was sworn in as Governor of Kerala, succeeding Sukhdev Singh Kang. At the age of 83 years, 237 days, he was the oldest Governor. He was highly popular and served in this post until his death. Bakht died in the Medical College Hospital in Kerala‘s capital city Thiruvananthapuram on February 23, 2004, from complications of intestinal surgery which was performed on February 19. He was the first Governor who died in office. He was replaced two days later by Karnataka governor T. N. Chaturvedi. There is growing concern, particularly among BJP members, that Bakht may have died because of medical negligence, but nothing has yet been proven.{{[3]}} Serving Chief Minister A. K. Antony, at the time of Sikander Bakht death, had to give into popular demand to order an inquiry to examine if there was any lapse on part of Doctors or any other motive.[4] [5]Then President of India, Shri A. P. J. Abdul Kalam said “In his death we have lost a prominent public personality and a statesman.” [6] And Prime Minister of India at that time, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee said “Mr. Bakht was a freedom-fighter. He struggled for democracy and the nationalist cause with courage and conviction. He rendered distinguished service as a member of my Cabinet for sometime.[7]
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